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Botany

multicellular organisms, study of plants, photosynthesis, kingdom Plantae, branch of biology

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Botany, branch of biology concerned with the study of plants (kingdom Plantae). Plants are now defined as multicellular organisms that carry out photosynthesis. Organisms that had previously been called plants, however, such as bacteria, algae, and fungi, continue to be the province of botany, because of their historical connection with the discipline and their many similarities to true plants, and because of the practicality of not fragmenting the study of organisms into too many separate fields.

Botany is concerned with all aspects of the study of plants, from the smallest and simplest forms to the largest and most complex, from the study of all aspects of an individual plant to the complex interactions of all the different members of a complicated botanical community of plants with their environment and with animals.

Contributors

Crosby, Marshall R., Ph.D.

Director of Botanical Information Resources, Missouri Botanical Garden. Adjunct Professor of Biology, Washington University.

Raven, Peter H., Ph.D.

Director, Missouri Botanical Garden. Engelmann Professor of Botany, Washington University. President, Organization for Tropical Studies. Coauthor of ''Biology of Plants'', ''Biology'', and other books.



Article key phrases:

multicellular organisms, study of plants, photosynthesis, kingdom Plantae, branch of biology, study of organisms, practicality, algae, fungi, Botany, similarities, bacteria, animals, discipline, environment, aspects

 
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